PMID: 13677023 [PubMed -indexed for MEDLINE]. Abstract is available PMID: 9019826 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Halotherapy was found effective in the treatment of acute purulent maxillary sinusitis without puncture. At first, the positive effects of staying in caves on the respiratory tract were attributed to the ability of inhaled aerosol to dissolve viscose mucus, which can be consecutively easier to cough out. However, the latest research suggests important regulation roles of skin surface and respiratory tract. While human skin has a surface of 2m², the respiratory system has a surface of 100m². Therefore inhalator therapy is much more efficient than the effects of aerosol applied to the skin and represents an important regulation role in the whole organism.
These regulation mechanisms have the beneficial effect with the treatment explained even for diseases unrelated to the respiratory tract. Exact studies discovered another positive effect of this treatment – killing of disease-inducing microorganisms in the respiratory tract. Aerosol in caves contains microelements which make up a vital part of enzymes and hormones; organism needs them in order to function optimally and our ordinary everyday foods, do not provide enough of them. A stay in a salt cave can supplement the deficit. Immune, neural and endocrine glands systems are interconnected and aerosol treatments influence all three mentioned systems, increases organs’ congestion of blood, which explains the complex influence of aforementioned treatments, including anti-inflammation treatments, resulting in reduced painfulness in rheumatism and the positive effect on some neural disorders and cardiovascular diseases.
From the empirical knowledge of climate-therapy which observes long-term improvement of disease state with a 3 week long stay at sea should be equivalent to 7 – 10 stays for 45 minute in a salt cave thus effecting all inflammation and also allergic diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract allergic skin diseases, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, diseases caused by contact allergy inflammation diseases of the intestines, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, stomach and duodenum ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, vascular diseases, degenerative and inflammatory rheumatism, vegetative dystonia, neurotic disorders, depressions, chronic fatigue syndrome, stress disorders and hypothyroidism.